Mass funerals in Jos riots

Mass funerals have been taking place in the central Nigerian city of Jos, where fighting between Muslims and Christians has left hundreds dead. A BBC reporter in the region says the easing of a 24-hour curfew has allowed religious leaders to organise burials. A Red Cross official in Jos told the BBC he had seen scores of bodies on the streets, but the army was in control.

He said some of the 17,000 displaced people were returning home, but others had decided to flee the city itself.  At least 65 Christians and 200 Muslims are believed to have died. Aisha Baba salvages goods from her burnt out house in JosA Nigerian soldier stands on the rubble of a destroyed building    In pictures: Nigeria riot aftermath 

Soldiers in JosHauwa Ahmed (R) cries after her son died in Jos violenceSoldier runs past a burnt-out truck in JosIbrahim Sulaiman wears a plaster covering an injury sustained in the Jos violence

“A lot of people have died but it is very difficult to determine the number because this thing happened in various locations,” Abdul Umar, the Red Cross’s disaster manager co-ordinator, told the BBC’s Focus on Africa programme.  

“There are dead bodies that are still hidden,” he said, adding that many people had gunshot and machete wounds.  The 24-hour curfew has been eased to allow city residents to leave their homes between 1000 and 1700 local time.  “People are going about their businesses while some people are packing their belongings and fleeing town, which is natural after a situation such as this,” he said.  

The BBC’s Shehu Saulawa in neighbouring Bauchi State says there are reports of isolated attacks on the outskirts of the city, which Mr Umar confirmed.  Balarabe Dawud, head of the Central Mosque in Jos, appealed for killings not to avenged.  

“Whatever action one takes, can’t bring these people back,” he said pointing to a burial pit, reports the AFP news agency.  Youth detained Nigeria’s Foreign Minister Ojo Maduekwe told the BBC those behind the violence would be prosecuted.    


Deadly riots in 2001 and 2008

City divided into Christian and Muslim areas Divisions accentuated by system of classifying people as indigenes and settlers Hausa-speaking Muslims living in Jos for decades are still classified as settlers Settlers find it difficult to stand for election

Divisions also exist along party lines: Christians mostly back the ruling PDP; Muslims generally supporting the opposition ANPP Mr Umar said the police had detained more than 250 youths in connection with the clashes.  

“We got access to them through the police and we have treated most of them that are injured and we provided water and food,” he said.  It is unclear what the trigger was for the latest bout of violence, but there have been reports it started after football match.  

Other reports suggested it began after an argument over the rebuilding of homes destroyed in the 2008 clashes.  Jos has been blighted by religious violence over the past decade with deadly riots in 2001 and 2008.  

The city is in Nigeria’s volatile Middle Belt – between the mainly Muslim north and the south where the majority is Christian or follow traditional religions.  Correspondents say such clashes in Nigeria are often blamed on sectarianism.  

However, poverty and access to resources such as land often lie at the root of the violence.