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ANALYSIS: Regional Imbalance of the Bicameral Legislature in Nigeria


The perceived outcry of the regional cheat and imbalances in Nigeria is obviously across board devoid of structural adjustment, fairness, equity and content of characterization.

The Nigerian house of representatives is in the perspective of this identification hence this analysis.

Elombahnews gathered that the devastating effects of the legislative imbalances and absolute lack of level playing representation in the federalism is utterly unfamiliar with natural law of equity and social justice.

This brings us to the lopsided federal representation in the lower chamber of the Nigeria house of representatives including the upper chamber.

In Nigeria, the house of representatives is the lower chamber of the Nigerian bicameral National Assembly while the Senate remains the upper chamber presided by the Senate President.

Simultaneously, the Speaker of the Nigerian house of representatives is the presiding officer of the house.

The members of the house of representatives are elected in single-member constituencies using the plurality or first-past-the-post system. Members serve four-year terms.

Out of the total of 360 house of representatives members, the entire South has 169, while the North has 191.

The breakdown shows that South East of Imo State has 10 representatives;
Abia 8; Ebonyi 6;
Anambra 11 and Enugu with 8 member representatives making it a total of 43 representatives.

In the South South,
Akwa Ibom State has 10 representatives; Bayelsa 5; Cross River 8; Delta 10, Edo 9 and Rivers State with 13 representatives making it a total of 55 representatives.

Therefore, both the South East and South South have a grand total of 98 member representatives in the house of representatives only.

In the South West,
Ekiti State has 6 member representatives;
Lagos has 24;
Ogun 9; Ondo 9;
Oyo 14; while Osun State has 9 member representatives making it a grand total of 71 representative members.

In the North West,
Kano State has 24 representative members while
Kaduna has 16; Jigawa 11; Katsina 15; Kebbi 8; Sokoto 11 and Zamfara State has 7 member representatives making it a grand total of 92 house members in the lower chamber of the house of representatives.

More so, in the North East,
Adamawa has 8 representative members, Bauchi has 12; Borno 10; Gombe 6; Taraba 6 and Yobe State with 6 members of the house of representatives making it a total of 48 members from the zone.

North Central of
Benue State has 11 representatives; Kogi 9; Kwara 6;
Nassarawa 5; Plateau 8 while Niger State has 10 representatives comprising a grand total of 49 representatives from the zone.

FCT-Abuja has only 2 representatives.

In analysis, the grand total of members of the house of representatives from the North is 191.

The curiosity is the possibility of upstaging Northern geo-political zone at the ballot.

Some political pundits say “even if the entire Southeast, South-south and Southwest join together at the ballot, would yet not upstage the North.

There is also a perceived injustice in the monopolized oil revenue and allocation.

Analysis gathered that the North Central receives 20% in the oil revenue and
contributes 0.00%. while North East receives 16%; and contributes 0.00%.

North West receives 21%; and contributes 0.00%.
In other words, every month, the 19 Northern states receive a minimum of 57% of 100% of oil revenue to which they contribute 0.00%.

However, South West receives 16% and contributes 3.97% while South East receives 11.00% and contributes 25.07%.

South South receives 15.00% and contributes 70.64%.

In creation of Local
Government Areas in Nigeria, a core lamentation of injustice is on the prowl.

Nigeria has 774 LGAs. The North has 19 states and the 19 states have 419 LGAs. The South has 17 states and the 17 states have 357 LGAs.

Working with the data from the office of the Accountant General as published by the Ministry of Finance in 2013, the 357 LGAs of the 17 Southern states receive 45.1% even as what they contribute is 100%.

The 419 LGAs of the 19 Northern states receive 54.9% even what they contribute is 0.00%.

An analyst and a writer wrote, “so those hoping for a hopeless hope for restructuring should wake up. The north will never allow restructuring because they know that they can’t survive in a level playing ground”.

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