“There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread.” – Mahatma Gandhi
Hunger hurts and takes away hope. When hunger pervades a country’s landscape it not only threaten the future of its inhabitants, it hampers the prosperity of the country. In identifying man’s Hierarchy of Needs, renowned psychologist, Abraham Maslow, put food, water, warmth and rest, as the first basic needs that determines man’s daily actions. This no doubt appears to be in order.
Across Nigeria, millions of people with thousands being children are at risk of starving to death. With unemployment put at a staggering 14.2% of the population (29 million people), many wake not knowing what to eat and go to bed oblivion of where their next meal might be coming from.
According to United Nations’ World Food Programme, the world faces an unprecedented catastrophe because 20 million people in Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and Nigeria live on the brink of famine. Of this figure; about 5.2 million people are estimated to be facing hunger in the Northeast Nigeria alone due the protracted insecurity in the region as occasioned by Boko Haram insurgence. Recall, in 2013, the current President of the African Development Bank and former Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development in Nigeria, Akinwunmi Adesina, at the High Level Meeting of AU Heads of State and Government on “unified approach to end hunger in Africa by 2025” in Addis Ababa, Ethopia revealed that Nigeria has 13 million people suffering from hunger and malnutrition.
In 2014, Bill Gate wrote an article,”Why Does Hunger Still Exist in Africa?”, where he established that in sub-Saharan Africa, the number of stunted children is still on the rise, up 12 million since 1990 to 56 million. Forty percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa are stunted. “What I was witnessing was the terrible impact of malnutrition in Africa. These children were suffering from a condition known as stunting. They were not starving, but they were not getting enough to eat, leaving them years behind in their development – and it was hard to see how they could ever catch up,” the principal founder of Microsoft, Bill Gate wrote in the article. Except we choose to turn a blind eye, hunger is prevalent in Nigeria and has been the root cause of many unrest.
According to Wikipedia, hunger is a condition in which a person, for a sustained period, is unable to eat sufficient food to meet basic nutritional needs. A Yoruba adage says that when hunger is removed from poverty, there is room for a poor person to engage and redirect the course of her life.
In the view of an Australian novelist, Elliot Perlman, taking care of basic food needs of a population is a prerequisite to having a vibrant economy, this was captured in his book “The Street Sweeper”, where he wrote that ”Everyone was always hungry. The poorer you were, the hungrier you were, and with the hunger came weakness and irritability (even depression and motivation for crime). It became difficult to think clearly and you needed to think clearly to work out how to survive the next day, how to get food. You were sure you could still work if you could find work, and you could look for it if only you could eat…”
Giving the foregoing, one must applaud the efforts of the United Nations in keeping the discussion about ending extreme hunger in the front burner; efforts to end extreme hunger led world leaders on September 8, 2000 in the Millennium Declaration to commit to the goal of reducing hunger by half by 2015, and further embarked on the ambitious plan to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030 (Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2, while the Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO ) celebrates World Food Day each year on 16 October to commemorate the founding of the Organization in 1945 and show commitment to ending hunger.
Even though Nigeria is amongst the richest countries in the world in terms of resources, over half of its population lives below the poverty line, 4 of every 10 Nigeria are at the risk of sleeping hungry and 5 of every 10 children are at the risk of missing at least one meal every day and eating less than the required nutritional meal. The situation becomes more worrisome in metropolis like Lagos where cost of living and commuting remain on the increase while salaries and wages remain constant.
No doubt, zero hunger can help build a safer, more prosperous world, a major reason while the efforts of Honourable Babajimi Benson, member House of Representatives representing Ikorodu Federal Constituency must be commended. On October 16, 2016, Benson launched the first food bank in Nigeria called iCare Foodbank where food ingredients are distributed monthly to minimum of three hundred (300) Elderly persons, Widows, indigent people and the Vulnerable in the society. Each food bag given to the people contains a balance of food items that provide nutritional value to the body and can help feed a family of four for at least a month, thereby keying into the UN goals of ending world hunger by 2030. The mission of the bold initiative by the Honourable member is to ensure no household in Ikorodu Federal Constituency is without food.
In the last one year, directly or indirectly, over ten thousand persons have been given food through the iCare foodbank platform reinforcing the need to establish both government-owned and private sector driven food banks in Nigeria as a sustainable means to curtail hunger, considering that it is even an established norm in countries with enviable socio-economic system.
The world’s first food bank was established in the US in 1967, and since then many thousands have been set up all over the world. In Europe, which until recently had little need for food banks due to extensive welfare systems, the number of food banks grew rapidly after the 2007-2008 world food price and financial crisis began to worsen economic conditions for low income earners. Records as at March 2015 showed that approximately 852,137 people received food from a food bank in Canada. More than one-third of those helped were children said to be children. To understand how much effort goes into feeding people, Alberta, a western province of Canada with an estimated population of 4,196,457 as of July 1, 2015, had over 110 food banks. Aside the food bank currently being operated by iCare Foundation, I doubt there is any in the country with structure to give people food every month.
Despite having roughly 15,083 food pantries (Food Banks) in America as of 2015, records show that “72% of food banks do not feel as though they are able to adequately meet the needs of their communities without adjusting the amount of food distributed”. For the record, United States per capital income is $55,836 while Nigeria’s per capital is paltry $2640, thus, establishing food banks with the mission to distribute food to those who have difficulty purchasing enough food to avoid hunger, will be a good policy to ameliorate the suffering of millions and it has agricultural and economic benefits too.
Nigeria is strategic to the business operations of many companies both within the African continent and globally so government needs to show leadership by initiating a food security policy that will allow individuals to take action. Nigeria’s population is galloping towards 450 million by the year 2050. That will make Nigeria the third most populated country on earth after China and India. Food companies, the agricultural sector and the development sector need to work together to produce and distribute enough nutritious food to more people, all while using less resources and maximizing the potentials of a sizable number of the population render redundant by hunger, after all, the theme for this year’s world food day is, “Change the future of Migration. Invest in food security and Rural Development.”
Nothing can be more urgent than to feed a desperate population and food banks is a viable way to go.
Sulaimon Mojeed-Sanni writes from Abuja
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