The Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR) has stepped in to end the lingering farmers versus herdsmen clashes across the country that have claimed stream of lives and properties.
Image: The Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR) roundtable
The Institute initiated dialogue between farmers and herdsmen as means to end the menace.
IPCR identified access to land either for grazing or farming, including conflicting land use laws as the bane to clashes between farmers and herders.
According to IPCR, the growing number of livestock has continued to increase the demand for more grazing reserves by herders.
Likewise, the increase in human population puts up more people to be fed by farmers, which also means the increase in lands cultivated for food.
Summarily, encroachment takes place.
Speakers at the ongoing dialogue also believe that large scale cattle rustling is also a problem.
They noted that, where cattle rustlers rob communities of their livestock, they destroy such communities to create a partial distraction for their crime thereby igniting mistrust between farmers and herders.
Prior to the forum, the Federal Government had earlier set up a technical committee under the chairmanship of the Director General, Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR), Professor Oshita O. Oshita.
Mr. Oshita is to develop a suitable road map for an expanded stakeholders meeting.
The Committee, according to the terms of reference in the letter, is to:
– outline a tentative strategy to deal with the conflict vis-à-vis methodology for an open stakeholders’ forum, and
– situate the Niger-Benue generally and Nigeria in particular as area of conflict between herders and sedentary farmers
– identify the problems underlying the conflict from regional and national perspectives
– have an overview of past investigations including those already implemented and to highlight the successes and challenges of each, and as well,
– identify regional and local laws and regulations that impact the conflict.
IPCR was established in February 2000.
The Institute is under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and is primarily a research centre, a think-tank, and an agency.
Its job is to strengthen Nigeria’s capacity for the promotion of peace and conflict prevention, management and resolution.
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