Leaders of Nigeria can quickly kill the country if they refuse to learn from history on how countries die and the causes of disintegration of nations.
Like everything created or made by man, a nation has a lifespan or expiry date. Nigeria was created or made by Lord Lugard’s Britain.
Yes, Nigeria can die and its present and future occupants forgotten or be known as a different nation. Nigeria may even give birth upon death to many great nations.
In my short life time, I have seen many great nations fall and break up into smaller countries, some of which have become super powers. Some of the examples in the recent times are:
The Soviet Union, officially known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR, was a socialist state that existed between 1922 and 1991. It was a super power. Russia and Ukraine are one of the independent countries that emerged from the collapse in 1991.
It was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century. It came into existence after World War I in 1918 under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
Yugoslavia gained international recognition on 13 July 1922. The country broke up in 1992 into smaller countries.
After the break up, following were the resultant countries: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia, Vojvodina and Kosovo.
Sudan, once the largest and one of the most geographically diverse countries in Africa, split into two countries in July 2011 after the people of the south voted for independence.
The Christian and Animists South took to arms to secure autonomy from the over lording Moslem North. The north was reluctant to let the south go because of the discovery of crude oil in the south. It was only a matter of time.
The India that Britain colonised had to break up into Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India.
In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, India was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan. Immediately, there began one of the greatest migrations in human history, as millions of Muslims trekked to West and East Pakistan (the latter now known as Bangladesh) while millions of Hindus and Sikhs headed in the opposite direction. Many hundreds of thousands never made it.
The Germany Hitler ruled was partitioned after the Second World War into two countries named East Germany and Western Germany. The two countries recently re-united.
History also recorded a once powerful country known as Bavaria. It is now part and parcel of Germany.
REASONS WHY COUNTRIES BREAK UP
There are many reasons why countries break up. Some of them include :
1. Refusal of the dominating group to grant autonomy to the minority even when the agitating group no longer want the forced marriage.
2. Perception by the agitating group that their interests are no longer protected and their belief that they could fare better as a stand alone country.
3. Conviction that majority group have cornered critical security apparatuses of coercion in such a way that the minority fear extermination upon slightest upheaval.
4. Refusal of the rulers to hold honest discussions to address issues of resource allocation, appointment and self determination.
5. State’s tacit or open promotion of one religion over the other.
6. Massive distrust amongst the constituent groups or tribes.
7. Apparent lack of decisiveness in tackling criminal activities of select members of the majority ethnic group or religion while descending heavily on self determination activities of the minority.
8. Economic hardship of severe dimension could be the tunic separatists need to discredit the nationalists and to win sympathies from able bodied youths and use them to fight for an independence.
THE FALACY OF INDISSOLUBILITY OF A COUNTRY
Even with preponderance of evidence in history, some leaders still believe that the country they rule are indissoluble. They even have the confidence to tell whoever that cares to listen that the unity of their countries is not negotiable.
It is ironic as we forget that the country is made of humans who belong to families, communities, towns, and tribesmen before becoming country’s citizens.
Even our constitution has profiled all citizens as indigenes of their local governments. Residents in other states are required to produce identification certificates from their local governments of origin for any serious national engagement. Hence, I’m Igbo before becoming a Nigerian.
Some of our leaders as individuals, have had to divorce their wedded wives when they felt that the unions were no longer beneficial or tolerable or are not working for them. Some have even disowned their children. But our leaders insist that we all should forever be married to the country.
Many families have broken off from large and unmanageable clans to form their own autonomous communities. They even have their own traditional rulers.
For our leaders, self determination ends at community levels.
Even religious scholars would testify to the separation of Abraham from his country to form a big nation as his God destined.
From Abraham arose various nations including Saidi Arabia, Israel and Palestine.
The Shia and Sunnis are products of divisions in moslem community.
We read about God-inspired division of a monolithic hardworking country in Babel into many nations of different tongues.
Where are the Roman and Othman empires?
Also the Kanem Bornu and Oyo empires are nearly forgotten as if they never held sway within and beyond today’s Nigeria.
A country is like a bus driven by its leaders with a defined destination. The passengers are the citizens of the country. They embarked and remain in the bus with high expectations.
It is imperative that the bus driver ensures that all passengers’ anxiety as per the routes, speed and safety are addressed.
A situation whereby a very determined driver and his tribesmen dominated conductors keep all the information concerning the national voyage to themselves and would refuse any escape from the bus even when a group of passengers have threatened to cause commotion if they are not allowed to disembark at the next bus stop is worrisome.
Our leaders should communicate more to the youth and in clear terms, explaining to them what they stand to gain by remaining Nigerians. Keep them busy. The promises of a separate nation are rapidly gaining currency. Our youths are massively being converted.
They should listen more to those that don’t want to be part of the union and possibly let them exit peacefully. Who knows? They may apply to re-join the union at a later date. Puerto Rico, a separate country, has recently applied and joined the United States of America.
In our very eyes, the creator of Nigeria named Britain decided to exit from United Europe. They wanted to preserve their heritage, monarchy and all they hold dear. They will always teach us how beautiful Africa looks as a country. Nigeria for them, is an irreducible surname. Our leaders are knighted by believing them.
I have initiated a process of Nwosuexit. My children now have a new surname in Anayo. I shall be the last Nwosu in their lineage. Even the combined forces of police, army and DSS can’t stop me.
Like Israel, Anayo shall one day become a country.